Obesity: Built environment

Public health and the built environment

The built environment is the layout and design of a community’s buildings, streets, sidewalks, and infrastructure and includes the spaces and places where people live, learn, work, play, and recreate. The built environment shapes daily experiences and can impact a person’s physical, mental, and social well-being.

The built environment can promote health by:

  • Increasing rates of physical activity through safe, accessible, and continuous sidewalks, bicycle facilities, transit routes, parks, and trails that connect to everyday destinations such as schools, jobs, parks, homes, and grocery stores.
  • Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption through access to healthy food options including community gardens, farmers markets, and urban agriculture.
  • Reducing risk of asthma and respiratory diseases from environmental exposures through green infrastructure, multi-modal transportation options, healthy housing, and land use and zoning policies.
  • Promoting social connectedness through safe, accessible, activity-friendly transportation routes, access to public gathering spaces, green spaces, and recreational opportunities.

The Elements of a Healthy, Equitable Community developed by ChangeLab Solutions illustrates how elements such as safe and connected transportation systems, affordable housing, healthy food, parks, and environmental quality can provide health and equity benefits.

                                    Source: ChangeLab Solutions


CDPHE works collaboratively with state agencies and community partners across multiple sectors to advance evidence-based built environment policies and strategies designed to reduce the overall prevalence of chronic diseases and improve the health of all Coloradans by:

  • Partnering with communities on policy and environmental changes such as safe and stable housing, parks, transportation, food access, alcohol outlet density, and community resiliency.
  • Using health and equity data to better understand and communicate the relationship between health and the conditions of neighborhoods and the built environment and influence the distribution of resources to communities with the greatest needs/health disparities.
  • Encouraging local governments to integrate health and equity into community priorities, leverage community expertise in the planning process, and assist local jurisdictions in identifying and implementing model land use and zoning policies that address health inequities.

To learn more about built environment efforts at CDPHE, contact:

  • Safe, Connected Transportation System; Healthy Housing
  • Access to Healthy Food; Affordable Housing; Land Use
  • Parks and Community Space; Environmental Quality/Sustainability; Community Resiliency
  • General Information


Success stories

CDPHE’s Built Environment program awards quick win funding to communities across Colorado for low-cost, locally-driven projects that promote physical activity and active transportation, increase safety, and enhance streetscapes through equipment or public art. This funding supports local efforts to enhance activity-friendly routes connecting to everyday destinations such as schools, jobs, food sources, parks, and recreation and helps build momentum toward implementing built environment policy changes.

View success stories here!


Built environment resources

The resources featured below were co-created with CDPHE’s built environment team and state and national partners to support health and equity through the built environment.

Working Together to Make Meaningful Change toolkit

Toolkit for engaging communities across Colorado


Working Together to Make Meaningful Change: Toolkit for Engaging Communities across Colorado is a resource that was developed through a partnership among CDPHE, the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT), and the National Safe Routes Partnership. This toolkit features an engagement framework centering on those who live, work, and play in the community at the heart of the process. The toolkit walks through each step of the engagement framework in detail and offers creative ideas for engagement activities and strategies for sustaining community engagement long-term.

Graphic for Colorado Downtown Streets

Colorado Downtown Streets


Colorado Downtown Streets is a resource that was developed through a partnership among CDPHE, CDOT, and the Colorado Department of Local Affairs (DOLA). This easy-to-digest resource helps local leaders, community members, and technical professionals work together to create better streets by providing creative and flexible design approaches for increasing safety for all street users and modes of travel along downtown streets.

Graphic for Green Infrastructure Guide to Downtown Colorado

Green Infrastructure Guide to Downtown Colorado


Green Infrastructure Guide to Downtown Colorado is a resource that was developed through a partnership between CDPHE and CDOT. This guide introduces and identifies green infrastructure best management practices for downtown streets. It is an expansion of the Colorado Downtown Streets publication and considers stormwater management and the benefits of adding vegetation on downtown streets.


Best practice resource guides



State-level resources

Other state-level resources and programs help guide our work with interagency partners. The CDPHE Built Environment team supports the implementation of the priorities, strategies, and recommendations outlined in these planning documents and programs.

View state-level resources here!


National resources

The following links lead to external national resources that frame and guide CDPHE’s built environment work:



Data can help tell the story about how the built environment impacts health and equity and can support data-driven decision making. The data resources in the link below can help identify communities and priority populations experiencing the greatest health inequities across Colorado and to allocate resources to these areas/groups to identify and implement the evidence-informed strategies best suited to address their needs.

View state and national data sources here!