Data Fact Sheets and Guidance

Racial & Ethnic Data: Considerations for collection and reporting

Determining how people are counted and placed in demographic categories is a big part of data processes, and it usually determines which programs get funded or whether certain policies are enacted. Without data that captures the experiences and needs of different racial and ethnic groups, we cannot begin to fix systemic inequities. To better understand the experiences of diverse communities, we need to create tailored solutions for data measurement. Use our collection and reporting guide to learn more about incorporating equity into demographic data processes.


Differences in health status between groups are called health disparities. But when differences are systemic, avoidable, and unjust, we understand these differences to be health inequities.

Data are critical for decision-making, but data don't always tell the whole story or illuminate root causes and structural inequities. Sometimes, they can perpetuate negative stereotypes.

That's why it's critical to frame health disparity data by providing relevant context and background, using inclusive and strength-based language, and pointing to root causes and structural determinants of health, across sectors.

Acknowledging this, CDPHE staff developed a statement on structural inequity to include in our data products.

We have developed a series of fact sheets that examine health inequities across racial and ethnic groups in Colorado:

We analyzed data across a wide range of disease and illness areas. These fact sheets present select inequities that demonstrate structural determinants of health. For a full presentation of of all indicators examined, see Appendix B.For references cited, data sources, and full data tables, see these appendices:

To learn more, check out these related resources:

Our health is shaped by the environments and socioeconomic context in which we live, work, learn, and play. Health is more than just healthcare or genes - it's our ability to afford childcare, support our youth, take part in work development opportunities, and so on. Healthy communities are ones where we have opportunities to make healthy choices.

The health of our neighborhoods, schools, and workplaces is driven by structural factors, policy decisions, and investments, many of which harm some communities more than others. When some communities persistently experience poorer outcomes than others, we consider this to be a result of systemic and historical inequities.

When we collaborate across sectors, share data and perspectives, and prioritize equitable approaches, we are better positioned to address these inequities effectively and affordably. Healthy communities depend on all of us working together.

Changing how we create policies and programs doesn't have to be costly. Let's create a better future for all Coloradans.

These fact sheets provide context about root causes across sectors so we can more effectively address the complex factors impacting the health of our communities.

We want to thank the following individuals for participating in consultative conversations with us as we developed this project and for their contributions to these fact sheets:

Scott Groginsky, Special Advisor for Early Childhood, Colorado Governor's Office, Tara Smith; State Two Generation Program Coordinator, Colorado Governor's Office; Anna Lopez, Interim Manager, Office of Adult and Juvenile Justice Assistance; Renise Walker, Senior Consultant, Colorado Workforce Development Council.


Early Care and Education

Juvenile Justice

Work Based Learning

Further reading