Diabetes types and issues

Type 1 diabetes

  • In type 1 diabetes the body doesn't make insulin.

  • Insulin helps the body use glucose from food for energy.

  • People with type 1 need to take insulin every day.

Type 2 diabetes

  • In type 2 diabetes the body doesn't make or use insulin well.

  • People with type 2 often need to take pills or insulin.

  • Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

  • Gestational diabetes may occur when a woman is pregnant.

  • Gestational diabetes raises a woman's risk of getting type 2 diabetes for the rest of her life.

  • It raises her child's risk of being overweight and getting type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes in children

  • Students with diabetes require special management of their health care needs at school to allow them to access the same educational opportunities as their peers and to keep them safe.

  • Colorado Kids With Diabetes provides tool kits for families, school nurses, and health care providers.

Pre-diabetes or high risk for diabetes

  • Pre-diabetes is a condition in which people have blood glucose (blood sugar) levels higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

  • People with pre-diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Diabetes complications

  • Diabetes can cause serious health complications, including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and amputations of the foot or leg.

  • It's important that people with diabetes make healthy food choices, stay at a healthy weight and be physically active every day.

  • Living With Diabetes: Complications (American Diabetes Association).